Here are some highlights from this week in science history. For further reading on these intriguing topics, just click on the underlined words in blue print to access the library catalog. Happy reading!
Feb. 23, 1954 the Salk vaccine was used in the first mass inoculation of children against polio in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Jonas Salk, who worked closely with the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (now the March of Dimes) while at the University of Pittsburgh Medical School, worked for eight years to develop the vaccine against polio.
Feb. 26, 1852 John Harvey Kellogg, American physician and health-food pioneer was born. Kellogg, whose surgical skills were admired by the brothers Mayo, was a staff physician at the Battle Creek Sanitarium. His development of dry breakfast cereals contributed to the creation of the flaked-cereal industry. It was his brother, William K. Kellogg, who sweetened the flakes with malt and began commercial production as the Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company in 1906. Being a serious cereal consumer, I say “thank you” to the Kellogg brothers.
Feb. 26, 1829 inventor and manufacturer of jeans, Levi Strauss was born. Strauss, who travelled to San Francisco in 1850, originally planned to make his fortune manufacturing tent and wagon covers. He instead realized there was a greater market creating durable pants for the Forty-niners. He opened a factory and used a heavy blue denim material, called genes, from France to make them. Voila, jeans were invented!
Feb. 27, 1891 David Sarnoff, American pioneer in radio and television broadcasting was born. Sarnoff, whose life had a rags-to-riches theme, became the general manager of RCA and founded the television network NBC in 1926. He predicted early on that radio would become “a household utility in the same sense as the piano or phonograph”.
The Boy Genius And The Mogul: The Untold Story of Television