July 19, 1865 surgeon and philanthropist, Charles Horace Mayo, was born. Mayo was one of the founders of the Mayo Clinic which is regarded as one of the foremost medical treatment and research institutions in America. Mayo specialized in surgery of the thyroid and nervous system. The concept of medical specialization was, in fact, developed by this group of medical pioneers. The private practice of this group became the not-for-profit Mayo clinic in 1919. The Mayo Clinic of today is a not-for-profit medical practice dedicated to the diagnosis and treatment of virtually every type of complex illness.
July 20, 1969 Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin became the first men to walk on the moon. While Michael Collins orbited above, Armstrong and Aldrin established “Tranquility Base” on the moon. Armstrong’s famous proclamation “That’s one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind” took place at 10:56 ET as he stepped on to the lunar surface. I remember watching this historic event when it took place. Even though it took place late in the evening for my younger brothers and me, our parents let us stay up to watch it because it was such a significant history-in-the-making event for the United States!
July 24, 1897 American aviator Amelia Earhart was born. During World War I, she served in a nursing corps in Canada. Earhart learned to fly in 1921 in an open-cockpit plane in California and became the first woman to fly across the Atlantic alone establishing a new record in the crossing of 13 hours and 30 minutes. She also became the first woman to fly the Pacific Ocean, crossing from Hawaii to California in 1935 and set a speed record flying nonstop from Mexico City to New York City that same year. Sadly, Earhart and her navigator mysteriously disappeared on a June 1937 flight around the world en route from Lae, New Guinea to little Howland Island. The fate of Earhart remains a mystery to this day and makes for exciting reading.
Rocket Men: The Epic Story of the First Men on the Moon